• The Language Union

What are CEFR Levels?

"The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages", also known as "CEFR" is a way to measure your ability to speak a language which was established by the European Council.


There are 6 levels - A1, A2, B1, B2, C1 & C2.


These combined letters and numbers may not say anything to you, but we have written down an explanation below so that you can assess your own level!


A1 (Beginner): You are a beginner with very little knowledge of the language. You may be able to use basic words and sentences, but your vocabulary and writing skills are limited.


A2 (Elementary): An elementary learner can use basic and more common expressions. You can for instance make an order in a restaurant and ask for directions.


B1 (Intermediate): This is where you are slowly starting to become more and more confident and comfortable speaking the language. You can describe future plans and previous experiences, share opinions and write simple texts.


B2 (Upper-Intermediate): You may not understand the most complex words and sentences, and you may do grammatical mistakes, but you will understand the context of most texts and you are able to get by without the help of anyone else. The communication and writing level of an Upper-Intermediate learner is good, but not without any flaws.


C1 (Advanced): An advanced learner is more or less fluent in the language and can write well- structured texts and use more difficult sentences. Using the language for work or study related purposes will not be an issue.


C2 (Proficiency): Congratulations, you can use the language almost as good as a native speaker!

You have no problems understanding or describing any topic whether it’s through writing or speaking, and you have great grammatical skills with very few to none mistakes.


This short summary will hopefully help you to understand what level you have before booking your next language course. Don’t worry if you are still unsure as every school will asses your level through a test before you start your course.


CEFR is used for all languages that our partner schools offer – English, French, German, Italian and Spanish.